Indian Institutes of Technology are the most sought after Engineering schools of India. Three years after the first IIT was set up, the Indian parliament declared these as institutes of national importance. Each IIT is an autonomous institution, linked to the others through a common IIT Council, which oversees their administration. As of 2017, there are 23 IITs in India with a total of 11,032 seats (approximate and subject to change). Click here for a list of number of seats and courses offered at various IITs.
How does one get into IIT?
In order to get admitted into the undergraduate programs in IIT, a candidate needs to clear Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) apart from completing his 12th standard with minimum 75% marks.
Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an all India common engineering entrance examination which is conducted for admission in IITs / NITs / IIITs across India plus various state engineering colleges which are part of JEE system. It is regarded as one of the most challenging engineering admission tests. Exam has two parts: JEE Main and JEE Advanced.
Main points to know about JEE Main:
- JEE Main, or JEE Mains as some call, is a national level test administered by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) in the month of April. The exam can be taken by paper (offline) or online.
- The exam consists of 90 multiple choice questions each worth 4 points for a total of 360 points. 0.25 points will be deducted for each incorrect response.
- There will be 30 questions each in Maths, Physics and Chemistry and the exam is 3hours long. See the list of places where JEE (Main) was conducted in 2017.
- The top 2,20,000 rankers of the JEE (Main) will qualify to appear for JEE (Advanced).
Government of India has recently announced two changes in JEE pattern for 2017 and beyond:
- There shall be no weightage for the 12th class marks in calculating the ranks in the JEE Main examination.
- For the candidates to qualify for the admission in the IITs / NITs / IIITs and such other CFTIs whose admissions are based on the JEE Advanced / JEE Main ranks, they should have secured at least 75% marks in the 12th class examination, or be in the top 20 percentile in the 12th class examination conducted by the respective Boards. For SC/ST students the qualifying marks would be 65% in the 12th class examination.
- Backed by funds from Central government, the IITs are hosts to some of the best research facilities in the country.
- The faculty student ratio ranges from 1:10 to 1:12 with some of the older IITs having slightly higher ratios. Students get high quality training in Engineering from faculty recruited from all over the world.
- IITs boast of a very high placement percentage with students getting placed in some of the best companies in the tech industry both in India and abroad.
Do you like Maths, Chemistry and Physics? – Preparing for JEE
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